From Oracle 9i onwards you can use RMAN to recover only blocks while database is up and running. This could possibly save hours and hours of recovery time as a full database restore is not necessary. Error reported by user pointing to block corruption. POPULATE_MACSDATA - ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 48, block # 142713) ORA-01110: data file 48: '/hqlinux08db06/ORACLE/macsl/MACSDAT_2006_06.dbf' ORA-02063: preceding 2 lines from MODSL_MACSL_LINK File name : /hqlinux08db06/ORACLE/macsl/MACSDAT_2006_06.dbf Check first if the there is only one(few) blocks corrupted or most of the blocks are corrupted. macsl:/opt/oracle/admin/macsl/bdump> Issue command below at UNIX prompt. dbv file=/hqlinux08db06/ORACLE/macsl/MACSDAT_2006_06.dbf BLOCKSIZE=8192 LOGFILE=test.log DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Oct 4 14:28:37 2006 Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved. DBV-00200: Block, dba 201469305, already marked corrupted macsl:/opt/oracle/admin/macsl/bdump> vi test.log DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Oct 4 14:28:37 2006 Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved. DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /hqlinux08db06/ORACLE/macsl/MACSDAT_2006_06.dbf DBVERIFY - Verification complete Total Pages Examined : 262144 Total Pages Processed (Data) : 218615 Total Pages Failing (Data) : 0 Total Pages Processed (Index): 0 Total Pages Failing (Index): 0 Total Pages Processed (Other): 22422 Total Pages Processed (Seg) : 0 Total Pages Failing (Seg) : 0 Total Pages Empty : 21107 Total Pages Marked Corrupt : 1 Total Pages Influx : 0 Highest block SCN : 2550111754 (1040.2550111754) You can get the list of corrupted blocks from v$database_block_corruption SQL> Select * from v$database_block_corruption; You will get block number corrupt. Ex: block 142713. After that LOGIN TO RMAN. macsl:/opt/oracle/admin/macsl/bdump> rman target / catalog rman10/rman10@rman10p Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Wed Oct 4 14:33:26 2006 Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved. connected to target database: MACSL (DBID=1125502194) connected to recovery catalog database RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER DATAFILE 48 BLOCK 142713;; Starting blockrecover at 04-OCT-06 allocated channel: ORA_SBT_TAPE_1 channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: sid=119 devtype=SBT_TAPE channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: Tivoli Data Protection for Oracle: version 220.127.116.11 allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1 channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=131 devtype=DISK channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: restoring block(s) channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: specifying block(s) to restore from backup set restoring blocks of datafile 00048 channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: reading from backup piece MACSL.20061004.7318.104.22.1682899473 channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: restored block(s) from backup piece 1 piece handle=MACSL.20061004.7322.214.171.1242899473 tag=TAG20061003T222108 channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: reading from backup piece MACSL.20061004.73126.96.36.1992899473 channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: restored block(s) from backup piece 2 piece handle=MACSL.20061004.73188.8.131.522899473 tag=TAG20061003T222108 channel ORA_SBT_TAPE_1: block restore complete, elapsed time: 00:04:01 starting media recovery media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:46 Finished blockrecover at 04-OCT-06 Additional information: V$database_block_corruption is the view to check the list of corrupted blocks. If you have multiple block list as corrupt, You can use single command to recover them. RMAN> BLOCKRECOVER corruption list;
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