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This note describes the steps used to upgrade an Oracle 19c database to Oracle 21c as well as convert the 19c Non-CDB database to a Pluggable Database (PDB) hosted in an Oracle 21c Container Database.

Source Database: ORCL (19c Non-CDB )

Target Database: DB21C (21c CDB)

###########################################################################
Create Auto Upgrade configuration file 
###########################################################################

[oracle@db21c ~]$ vi config.txt
ORCL.source_home=/opt/oracle/product/19c/dbhome_1
ORCL.target_home=/u01/app/oracle/product/21.0.0.0/dbhome_1
ORCL.sid=ORCL
ORCL.log_dir=/u01/app/oracle/upgrade-jobs
ORCL.restoration=yes
ORCL.target_cdb=db21c

###########################################################################
Create directory for Auto Upgrade log files
###########################################################################

[oracle@db21c ~]$ mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/upgrade-jobs


###########################################################################
Set Oracle 21c environment and run autoupgrade in ANALYZE mode 
###########################################################################

[oracle@db21c ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [ORCL] ? db21c
The Oracle base has been changed from /opt/oracle to /u01/app/oracle

[oracle@db21c ~] $ cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin

[oracle@db21c admin]$ pwd
/u01/app/oracle/product/21.0.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin

[oracle@db21c admin]$ java -jar autoupgrade.jar -config /home/oracle/config.txt -mode analyze -console
AutoUpgrade tool launched with default options
Processing config file ...

+--------------------------------+
| Starting AutoUpgrade execution |
+--------------------------------+
1 databases will be analyzed
Type 'help' to list console commands
upg> lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|                     MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
| 100|   ORCL|PRECHECKS|PREPARING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:06|08:06:10|Loading database information|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
Total jobs 1



upg> lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+--------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|       MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+--------------+
| 100|   ORCL|PRECHECKS|PREPARING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:06|08:07:48|Remaining 3/88|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+--------------+
Total jobs 1

upg> Job 100 completed
------------------- Final Summary --------------------
Number of databases            [ 1 ]

Jobs finished successfully     [1]
Jobs failed                    [0]
Jobs pending                   [0]
------------- JOBS FINISHED SUCCESSFULLY -------------
Job 100 for ORCL


###########################################################################
Review Pre-Upgrade log files  
###########################################################################

[oracle@db21c 100]$ pwd
/u01/app/oracle/upgrade-jobs/ORCL/100
[oracle@db21c 100]$ ls -l
total 116
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall 103401 Dec 15 08:08 autoupgrade_20201215.log
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall    552 Dec 15 08:08 autoupgrade_20201215_user.log
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall    279 Dec 15 08:08 autoupgrade_err.log
drwx------ 2 oracle oinstall   4096 Dec 15 08:11 prechecks
[oracle@db21c 100]$ cd prechecks/
[oracle@db21c prechecks]$ ls -l
total 264
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall   4223 Dec 15 08:07 orcl_checklist.cfg
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall  16246 Dec 15 08:07 orcl_checklist.json
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall  15458 Dec 15 08:07 orcl_checklist.xml
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall  35410 Dec 15 08:07 orcl_preupgrade.html
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall  15588 Dec 15 08:07 orcl_preupgrade.log
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall 148783 Dec 15 08:07 prechecks_orcl.log
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall  22751 Dec 15 08:08 upgrade.xml


###########################################################################
Run autoupgrade in DEPLOY mode 
###########################################################################

[oracle@db21c admin]$ $ORACLE_HOME/jdk/bin/java -jar autoupgrade.jar -config /home/oracle/config.txt -mode deploy -console
AutoUpgrade tool launched with default options
Processing config file ...
+--------------------------------+
| Starting AutoUpgrade execution |
+--------------------------------+
1 databases will be processed
Type 'help' to list console commands
upg>



###########################################################################
Guaranteed Restore Point is being created
###########################################################################

upg> lsj
+----+-------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|MESSAGE|
+----+-------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------+
| 101|   ORCL|  GRP|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|08:28:46|       |
+----+-------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------+
Total jobs 1


upg> lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|                     MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
| 101|   ORCL|PRECHECKS|PREPARING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|08:28:50|Loading database information|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
Total jobs 1



upg>  lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+---------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|        MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+---------------+
| 101|   ORCL|PRECHECKS|PREPARING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|08:30:35|Remaining 43/88|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+---------------+


#######################################################################################
Gathering dictionary statistics and check for INVALID objects in the PREFIXUPS phase
#######################################################################################

upg>   lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|                     MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
| 101|   ORCL|PREFIXUPS|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|08:31:05|Loading database information|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+


2020-12-15 08:31:35.863 INFO Running 3 fixups in parallel, 2 at the time level 0 - FixUpsRunner.executeBatch
2020-12-15 08:31:35.865 INFO Starting fixup execution for [DICTIONARY_STATS] [ORCL] - FixUpTrigger.call
2020-12-15 08:31:35.868 INFO Starting fixup execution for [INVALID_OBJECTS_EXIST] [ORCL] - FixUpTrigger.call
2020-12-15 08:31:35.885 INFO Gossip Thread has begun to monitor remaining checks/fixups for db [ORCL] - Gossip.run
2020-12-15 08:34:34.332 INFO FixUp [DICTIONARY_STATS][ORCL] elapsed 177 seconds - FixUpTrigger.executeFixUp
2020-12-15 08:34:34.339 INFO Starting fixup execution for [PRE_FIXED_OBJECTS] [ORCL] - FixUpTrigger.call



upg>  lsj
+----+-------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|           MESSAGE|
+----+-------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+
| 101|   ORCL|DRAIN|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|08:52:46|Executing describe|
+----+-------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+


###########################################################################
Database Upgrade phase now starts
###########################################################################

upg>  lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+---------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|        MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+---------------+
| 101|   ORCL|DBUPGRADE|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|08:54:57|0%Upgraded ORCL|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+---------------+




upg> status
---------------- Config -------------------
User configuration file    [/home/oracle/config.txt]
General logs location      [/u01/app/oracle/upgrade-jobs/cfgtoollogs/upgrade/auto]
Mode                       [DEPLOY]
DB upg fatal errors        ORA-00600,ORA-07445
DB Post upgrade abort time [60] minutes
DB upg abort time          [1440] minutes
DB restore abort time      [120] minutes
DB GRP abort time          [3] minutes
------------------------ Jobs ------------------------
Total databases in configuration file [1]
Total Non-CDB being processed         [0]
Total CDB being processed             [1]
Jobs finished successfully            [0]
Jobs finished/aborted                 [0]
Jobs in progress                      [1]
Jobs stage summary
    Job ID: 101
    DB name: ORCL
        SETUP             <1 min
        GRP               <1 min
        PREUPGRADE        <1 min
        PRECHECKS         2 min
        PREFIXUPS         2 min
        DRAIN             2 min
        DBUPGRADE         1 min (IN PROGRESS)
------------ Resources ----------------
Threads in use                        [29]
JVM used memory                       [55] MB
CPU in use                            [13%]
Processes in use                      [20]



[oracle@db21c dbupgrade]$ pwd
/u01/app/oracle/upgrade-jobs/ORCL/101/dbupgrade

[oracle@db21c dbupgrade]$ ls -lrt
total 92
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall 34367 Dec 15 08:54 phase.log
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall   516 Dec 15 08:54 catupgrd20201215084736orcl_catcon_99089.lst
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall   328 Dec 15 08:55 catupgrd20201215084736orcl_catcon_kill_sess_99089_ALL.sql
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall    63 Dec 15 08:55 catupgrd20201215084736orcl_catcon_99814.done
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall  1500 Dec 15 08:55 catupgrd20201215084736orcl1.log
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall  2775 Dec 15 08:55 autoupgrade20201215084736orcl.log
-rwx------ 1 oracle oinstall 35544 Dec 15 08:56 catupgrd20201215084736orcl0.log


upg>  lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|         MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
| 101|   ORCL|DBUPGRADE|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|09:04:15|22%Upgraded ORCL|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
Total jobs 1


upg>  lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|         MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
| 101|   ORCL|DBUPGRADE|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|09:19:34|52%Upgraded ORCL|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
Total jobs 1


[oracle@db21c dbupgrade]$ tail -f catupgrd20201215084736orcl0.log
DBUA_TIMESTAMP RAC           FINISHED 2020-12-15 09:18:33  Container=ORCL Id=4
DBUA_TIMESTAMP RAC           UPGRADED 2020-12-15 09:18:33
COMP_TIMESTAMP JAVAVM                 2020-12-15 09:19:24
DBUA_TIMESTAMP JAVAVM        FINISHED 2020-12-15 09:19:24  Container=ORCL Id=4
DBUA_TIMESTAMP JAVAVM        UPGRADED 2020-12-15 09:19:24
DBUA_TIMESTAMP XML            STARTED 2020-12-15 09:19:24 Container=ORCL Id=4
COMP_TIMESTAMP XML                    2020-12-15 09:20:58
DBUA_TIMESTAMP XML           FINISHED 2020-12-15 09:20:58  Container=ORCL Id=4
DBUA_TIMESTAMP XML           UPGRADED 2020-12-15 09:20:58
DBUA_TIMESTAMP CATJAVA        STARTED 2020-12-15 09:20:58 Container=ORCL Id=4
COMP_TIMESTAMP CATJAVA                2020-12-15 09:21:16
DBUA_TIMESTAMP CATJAVA       FINISHED 2020-12-15 09:21:16  Container=ORCL Id=4
DBUA_TIMESTAMP CATJAVA       UPGRADED 2020-12-15 09:21:16
DBUA_TIMESTAMP XDB            STARTED 2020-12-15 09:21:17 Container=ORCL Id=4
COMP_TIMESTAMP XDB                    2020-12-15 09:23:13
DBUA_TIMESTAMP XDB           FINISHED 2020-12-15 09:23:13  Container=ORCL Id=4
DBUA_TIMESTAMP XDB           UPGRADED 2020-12-15 09:23:13
DBUA_TIMESTAMP ORDIM          STARTED 2020-12-15 09:23:14 Container=ORCL Id=4


upg>   lsj
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|    STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|         MESSAGE|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
| 101|   ORCL|DBUPGRADE|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|09:34:50|88%Upgraded ORCL|
+----+-------+---------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------+
Total jobs 1


###########################################################################
After upgrade is 100% complete, review Upgrade Summary log
###########################################################################


[oracle@db21c dbupgrade]$ cat upg_summary.log

Oracle Database Release 21 Post-Upgrade Status Tool    12-15-2020 09:35:4
Container Database: DB21C
[CON_ID: 4 => ORCL]

Component                               Current         Full     Elapsed Time
Name                                    Status          Version  HH:MM:SS

Oracle Server                          UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:17:41
JServer JAVA Virtual Machine           UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:05:54
Oracle XDK                             UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:01:34
Oracle Database Java Packages          UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:00:18
OLAP Analytic Workspace                UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:00:24
Oracle Label Security                  UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:00:08
Oracle Database Vault                  UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:01:25
Oracle Text                            UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:01:21
Oracle Workspace Manager               UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:01:42
Oracle Real Application Clusters       UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:00:00
Oracle XML Database                    UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:01:55
Oracle Multimedia                      UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:01:26
Spatial                                UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:09:57
Oracle OLAP API                        UPGRADED      21.1.0.0.0  00:00:18
Final Actions                                                    00:00:05
Post Upgrade                                                     00:00:26

Total Upgrade Time: 00:39:43 [CON_ID: 4 => ORCL]

Database time zone version is 32. It is older than current release time
zone version 35. Time zone upgrade is needed using the DBMS_DST package.

Grand Total Upgrade Time:    [0d:0h:41m:57s]


###########################################################################
After database upgrade run the script to convert noncdb to PDB
###########################################################################



upg>   lsj
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|        STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|           MESSAGE|
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+
| 101|   ORCL|NONCDBTOPDBXY|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|09:36:49|noncdb_to_pdb - 0%|
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+
Total jobs 1


upg>  lsj
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|        STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|            MESSAGE|
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------------------+
| 101|   ORCL|NONCDBTOPDBXY|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|09:37:19|noncdb_to_pdb - 35%|
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------------------+


2020-12-15 09:36:51.235 INFO Executing SQL [@/u01/app/oracle/upgrade-jobs/ORCL/temp/noncdbtopdb_orcl_ORCL.sql




upg> status
---------------- Config -------------------
User configuration file    [/home/oracle/config.txt]
General logs location      [/u01/app/oracle/upgrade-jobs/cfgtoollogs/upgrade/auto]
Mode                       [DEPLOY]
DB upg fatal errors        ORA-00600,ORA-07445
DB Post upgrade abort time [60] minutes
DB upg abort time          [1440] minutes
DB restore abort time      [120] minutes
DB GRP abort time          [3] minutes
------------------------ Jobs ------------------------
Total databases in configuration file [1]
Total Non-CDB being processed         [0]
Total CDB being processed             [1]
Jobs finished successfully            [0]
Jobs finished/aborted                 [0]
Jobs in progress                      [1]
Jobs stage summary
    Job ID: 101
    DB name: ORCL
        SETUP             <1 min
        GRP               <1 min
        PREUPGRADE        <1 min
        PRECHECKS         2 min
        PREFIXUPS         2 min
        DRAIN             2 min
        DBUPGRADE         42 min
        NONCDBTOPDBXY     6 min (IN PROGRESS)
------------ Resources ----------------
Threads in use                        [29]
JVM used memory                       [39] MB
CPU in use                            [13%]
Processes in use                      [16]


upg>  lsj
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|        STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|           MESSAGE|
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+
| 101|   ORCL|NONCDBTOPDBXY|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|09:59:59|Validating PDB {0}|
+----+-------+-------------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+------------------+
Total jobs 1


###########################################################################
ORCL is now a Pluggable Database
###########################################################################

SQL> alter pluggable database "ORCL" open read write force ;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> spool off
SQL>
SQL> Disconnected from Oracle Database 21c EE High Perf Release 21.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 21.1.0.0.0


###########################################################################
Post-Upgrade phase now starts
###########################################################################


upg>   lsj
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+--------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|     STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|       MESSAGE|
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+--------------+
| 101|   ORCL|POSTCHECKS|PREPARING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|10:01:26|Remaining 2/12|
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+--------------+
Total jobs 1




upg>  lsj
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|     STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|      MESSAGE|
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------------+
| 101|   ORCL|POSTFIXUPS|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|10:01:52|Remaining 3/5|
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+-------------+
Total jobs 1


###########################################################################
Gather statistics and Time Zone DST upgrade 
###########################################################################

2020-12-15 10:01:51.763 INFO Executing SQL [DECLARE
BEGIN
   SYS.DBMS_STATS.GATHER_INDEX_STATS('SYS', 'I_OBJ#');
  SYS.DBMS_STATS.GATHER_DICTIONARY_STATS;
END;
/
] in [db21c, container:ORCL] - ExecuteSql$SQLClient.run

2020-12-15 10:04:25.954 INFO Executing SQL [DECLARE
BEGIN
  SYS.DBMS_STATS.GATHER_FIXED_OBJECTS_STATS;
END;
/
] in [db21c, container:ORCL] - ExecuteSql$SQLClient.run



upg>   lsj
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
|Job#|DB_NAME|     STAGE|OPERATION| STATUS|    START_TIME| UPDATED|                     MESSAGE|
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
| 101|   ORCL|POSTFIXUPS|EXECUTING|RUNNING|20/12/15 08:24|10:08:41|Loading database information|
+----+-------+----------+---------+-------+--------------+--------+----------------------------+
Total jobs 1

2020-12-15 10:07:43.667 INFO Running fixup [OLD_TIME_ZONES_EXIST][ORCL][JAVA][Java based fixup] - FixUpTrigger.executeFixUp
2020-12-15 10:07:43.670 INFO Starting - old_time_zones_exist.populateScriptsToExecute
2020-12-15 10:07:43.671 INFO All the scripts were found, using the scripts from /u01/app/oracle/product/21.0.0.0/dbhome_1 - old_time_zones_exist.populateScriptsToExecute
2020-12-15 10:07:43.671 INFO Adding script to list [/u01/app/oracle/product/21.0.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/sqlsessstart.sql] - old_time_zones_exist.populateScriptsToExecute
2020-12-15 10:07:43.671 INFO Adding script to list [/u01/app/oracle/product/21.0.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/utltz_upg_check.sql] - old_time_zones_exist.populateScriptsToExecute
2020-12-15 10:07:43.672 INFO Adding script to list [/u01/app/oracle/product/21.0.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/utltz_upg_apply.sql] - old_time_zones_exist.populateScriptsToExecute
2020-12-15 10:07:43.672 INFO Adding script to list [/u01/app/oracle/product/21.0.0.0/dbhome_1/rdbms/admin/sqlsessend.sql] - old_time_zones_exist.populateScriptsToExecute
2020-12-15 10:07:43.672 INFO End  - old_time_zones_exist.populateScriptsToExecute
2020-12-15 10:07:43.672 INFO TimeZone upgrade log files will be located under /u01/app/oracle/upgrade-jobs/ORCL/temp - old_time_zones_exist.fixUpCode



###########################################################################
Upgrade to 21c and conversion to a PDB is now completed
###########################################################################


upg> Job 101 completed
------------------- Final Summary --------------------
Number of databases            [ 1 ]

Jobs finished successfully     [1]
Jobs failed                    [0]
Jobs pending                   [0]
------------- JOBS FINISHED SUCCESSFULLY -------------
Job 101 for ORCL


[oracle@db21c admin]$ sqlplus sys as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 21.0.0.0.0 - Production on Thu Dec 17 08:35:26 2020
Version 21.1.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2020, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter password:

Connected to:
Oracle Database 21c EE High Perf Release 21.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 21.1.0.0.0

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 PDB21C                         READ WRITE NO
         4 ORCL                           READ WRITE NO

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Last Update: December 22, 2020  

December 17, 2020 982 Gavin Soorma
Total 3 Votes:
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